FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

1. What is the principle of Battery Regeneration ?

To restore battery, each cell's sulphation that has generated while repeatedly charging and discharging should become sulfuric solution again (what is called desulphation).
For desulphation, very safe and proper current should be provided to battery during the regeneration. Also, to properly activate chemical reaction during the regeneration/charge, constant voltage and very safe pulse wave that combines each of the battery type and charging pattern should be provided to the battery and thus electrical and physical damage of the battery can be prevented by providing safe voltage and current.
The principle of the PRIME regenerator is similar to that of ultrasonic cleaner that cleans fine pollutants of glasses. The generator removes sulphation to raise the gravity of electrolyte and activates sulfation to restore battery life time and capacity like new battery condition.


2. Why must we regenerate the battery?

When sulfate crystal accumulates, a lead-acid battery generates the sulfate on the grid inside the cell. This hinders the current and electron transferred which lowers the cell functions. As a result, the battery capacity decreases gradually.
The PRIME battery regenerators are high-tech machines that can restore batteries to be wasted, due to capacity lowered by sulphation, into a new battery's capacity.
Recycling all of the lead-acid batteries by the PRIME battery regenerator would extend the battery life time up to twice to three times.


3. What happens when the inside of a battery sulfates?

1. Not able to store and supply enough current?

2. Overheats battery cells

3. Short circuit and physical damage

4. Decreases battery life time

If the gravity of the battery sulfation lowers when the battery is fully charged, the sulphate does not dissolve, but sticks to the grid firmly like tartar. Thus, changing electrolyte or supplementing sulfuric acid wouldn't help.
Using a high efficiency battery regenerator like the PRIME battery regenerator cleans the grid of the battery to extend the battery life and to increase the battery capacity.


4. Does the regenerator restore all of the disposal batteries?

Battery dies permanently when the battery cell is cut or shortens by grid corrosion, short-circuit, hardening, etc. Otherwise, the battery becomes old, which increases internal battery temperature, drops off active materials of the grid, decreases sulfuric acid by nonconductor, faulty battery charge and electrolyte overflow decreases the weight by the increase of internal temperature and evaporates electrolyte. These cause the battery to corrode and oxidize to a state of disposal. It leads the battery to lose its functions. As a result, the battery cannot work anymore.
These batteries and other batteries that have not been used for a long time after replacement cannot be restored, because they are oxidized and corroded.


5. When is the best time to regenerate batteries?

The best regeneration time for a used battery is when the total battery capacity is within 1/2~1/3 of the full charge. Generally, battery is never used up to 0%. If the battery charging state is lower than 50% (For Car battery) ~ 30% (For Deep Cycle), the plates can be severely damaged and pastes of plates' activation material can be broken away from the plates. In this case, please note that the regeneration is impossible.
Battery regeneration should be applied for sulfated batteries only without any serious physical damage.


6. Why is the battery regeneration not popular yet?

1) The regeneration technology awareness is very low now.

A lot of battery regenerators have been developed and launched in the market. However, a regenerator that satisfies customers is still very rare. Thus, it is common that the customers do not trust the regenerator and its business.
The PRIME battery regenerator is a state-of-the-art product with the highest customer satisfaction.

2) Many customers think that the regenerator should restore all disposal batteries.

Not all disposal batteries could be restored. Suppose that a battery has not been maintained for long, then, the electrolyte inside of all the cells gradually dried. Grids/electrodes should also be oxidized and corroded. Once severely oxidized and corroded, the battery is dying or is already dead. Thus, the battery cannot be restored any more or cannot be well restored.
If any cell of the battery is seriously damaged (cell-cut or cell-short), the battery cannot be restored.
If electrolyte or inside of a cap of the battery is brown-colored (over-discharged) or black-colored (over-charged), the battery is almost physically dead and thus it is not possible to restore it.
However, still a lot of customer complain and distrust the regenerator that it does not restore the physically dead batteries.

3) No prior experience in restored batteries (no previous example of a battery that is restored by the regenerator).

If a lead-acid battery is restored by the battery regenerator, its capacity increases like the one of a new battery and its life extends twice to three times. UPS battery can be restored soon after replaced and thus can be replaced with the replacement target battery. Regeneration (Equalization) maintenance of deep cycle batteries of a forklift or a golf cart once or twice a year regularly saves time and improves the battery life.
However, there is no precedent for and no experience in it, which results in hesitating to try to experiment it.
However, all battery should have the regeneration process, and those restored batteries can drastically cut the cost.

4) Issues of rights and interests in disposal batteries with existing garbage companies

A replaced lead-acid battery after usage disposes as garbage unconditionally. Then, a registered garbage company collects it. However, 50-55% of the battery consists of lead, which enables you to make about US$1.00/kg.
It has been customary for very long that garbage companies remove garbage almost free and gets compensated instead. Thus, it is a business with rights and interests.
Considering that, it is profitable to the garbage companies to dispose garbage and to receive compensation instead of restoring the batteries. Also, garbage handling staff prefers the current system to hire a garbage company instead of restoring the battery with its complicated procedure because the company handles the garbage including replacing and removing garbage. This is why the unprecedented battery regeneration is avoided.
However, it is assured that the time would come when all the batteries should be restored for big cost saving in the near future.


7. How to maximize the battery regeneration business?

1. Franchise system  

Battery regeneration centers

* Minimum machine required: One regenerator can restore almost all kinds of lead-acid batteries.
* Diffusing Franchise system by region Differentiating the scale of the franchise by basic, silver, gold, etc.

2. Maintenance, Telecom Tower UPS and other UPS, forklifts, garbage trucks, golf carts, national railroad administration, mines, solar heat, computing centers, banks, military units, national institutions, ships, heavy-duty vehicles, etc.

* Restoring service when maintaining regularly extends lifetime of and increases capacity of a battery
* Total maintenance contract including maintenance and new battery supply
PRIME Battery Regenerator adopted an intelligent smart control system which was developed by the cutting-edge technology of REPOWERTEK. Say good bye to inefficient, oversized Low-frequency pulse transformer type and faked SMPS higher voltage type regenerators.


8. Paradigm of Battery Regeneration

PRIME battery regeneration technology is a new green technology that revivifies sulphation on the grid of a dead battery by unique electronic and high frequency pulse technology and that activates internal sulfation and regenerates chemical response actively to restore charge/discharge capacity of the battery.
The PRIME battery regeneration technology is a green growth technology that extends the battery life twice to three times. It is a breakthrough that contributes to cost saving as well as global warming, energy scarcity and environment pollution.
Thus, it is a necessary technology in the world and will become a new paradigm of battery recycling and regeneration and maintenance industry through standardizing national technology in the near future.
The PRIME battery regenerators are the new innovative green renewable energy products that are absolutely competitive over price and effectiveness. Thus, it is possible that the business grows to become world-wide trade. Recently the world has become more interested in new renewable energy, how to measure climate change and how to reduce carbon emission. Under the circumstance, it is expected that launching the products would greatly impact world batteries market in the future.
We will develop a variety of products including bulk dischargers and rapid discharger as well as the regenerator to become a pioneer and the best in the industry.


battery diag

Summary of Technology

Why PRIME's technology is very different from the other companys' technology?

SMPS makes desired voltages by high-frequency switching after changing Alternating Current (AC) into Direct Current (DC). In this, if generated electricity was supplied to a battery, due to resisting load in a battery itself, it would have a high possibility that a component in SMPS (FET) would be damaged. Thus, since output shock from SMPS should be relieved, by using a condenser and a choke coil, resisting load inside of a battery would be minimized. Therefore, actually supplied signal from SMPS to a battery can be Direct Current (DC) rather than High-Frequency Pulse. SMPS can actually make High-Frequency Pulse, however ironically, SMPS of other competitors pretend to output High-Frequency Pulse due to the damage of their regenerators.
Because of this technical limitation, there was no company that can solve the problem of providing real High-Frequency Pulse to a battery from regenerator directly. That is the reason why regenerators using High-Frequency Pulse could not be boosted and commercialized so far. All the other competitors insist that their technology is based on High-Frequency Pulse, but they can only show some signals through the screen of the Oscilloscope by connecting two Probes coming from the transformer of SMPS. However, that can be wrong measurement and pulse which doesn't enter into a battery gives no help to the regeneration. Definitely, real High-Frequency Pulse should be confirmed by connecting probes to battery terminals. Since High-Frequency Pulse is too weak, no regeneration can take place. Due to these limitations, since direct connection to the battery terminals with Oscilloscope will only show as direct current (DC) only, so other companies never allow their customers to see it. PRIME regenerators are the only regenerator that can make the superior regeneration by supplying real High-Frequency Pulses and current simultaneously.


 

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